2021 Stebbins Medal
IAPT is pleased to announce the 2021 Stebbins Medal for an outstanding publication in phylogenetic systematics and evolution. The 2021 Stebbins Medal is awarded to:
Luke T. Dunning, Jill K. Olofsson, Christian Parisod, Rhimjhin R. Choudhury, Jose J. Moreno-Villena, Yang Yang, Jacqueline Dionora, W. Paul Quick, Minkyu Park, Jeffrey L. Bennetzen, Guillaume Besnard, Patrik Nosil, Colin P. Osborne & Pascal-Antoine Christin. Lateral transfers of large DNA fragments spread functional genes among grasses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(10), pp.4416-4425.
The Stebbins Medal was first awarded in 2003 in honour of the American botanist and geneticist George Ledyard Stebbins (1906-2000), one of the world’s leading plant evolutionary biologists of the twentieth century. The medal is awarded biennially by IAPT for an outstanding paper in phylogenetic systematics and evolution of plants. The 2021 award considered papers published in 2018 and 2019.
In their paper, Dunning et al. presented the most thorough and far-reaching study to date that convincingly demonstrates extensive lateral gene transfer (LGT) in plants. By comparing genomes of many grasses, they showed that large blocks of DNA containing functional genes are laterally passed among species that are distantly related across the grass phylogeny. Through stringent phylogenomic analyses, they discovered 59 lateral gene transfers clustered on 23 laterally acquired genomic fragments that are up to 170kb long in the Alloteropsis semialata grass genome, involving at least nine different donor species. They also showed that some of these laterally transferred genes have added functions to the recipient species genomes. This suggests that LGT represents a potent evolutionary force capable of spreading functional genes among distantly related lineages of grasses.
Luke Dunning, the first author of the 2021 Stebbins Medal paper, studied for his Bachelors degree at Cardiff University, Wales, United Kingdom and his PhD at the University of Auckland in New Zealand. Since October 2020, he holds a Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Independent Research Fellowship in the Department of Animal and Plant Sciences at the University of Sheffield, U.K. Previously, he worked as a postdoctoral researcher with Pascal-Antoine Christin, the senior author of the winning paper. Luke’s work focuses on the genomics of rapid adaptation in grasses and combines cutting-edge genomic techniques, comparative analyses and experimental approaches to understand how organisms adapt to their environment. https://dunning-lab.group.shef.ac.uk
Many congratulations to Luke Dunning and colleagues!
The Stebbins Award committee comprises Paula Rudall (U.K.), Loren Rieseberg (Canada) and Colin Hughes, Chair (Switzerland). The IAPT Council is grateful to the committee for their hard work in making this difficult selection.